Side effects of Coivd-19 vaccine

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side effects

Almost all the vaccines made in the world so far against antigens carry some side effects. But, what we interpret as side effects, are the reactions of our immune system. The side effects are an indication that our immune system is getting primed for the antigen for which we have taken the vaccine. Covid-19 vaccine too has shown similar behavior. 

What are we calling side-effects?

The most common after vaccination responses of our body are headache, fever, chills, joint pain, nausea, and fatigue. Some might feel additional pain or soreness including a rash at the site of injection. The list is not exhaustive but all the above body responses are mild. They generally do not last for more than 3 to 4 days. 

It is also important to understand that every individual’s response is different. Hence we must never compare our body’s response to that of someone else and pop in some medicines. Some people have no response and some have multiple responses. This also does not mean that vaccine has affected a person having more responses more than the other who has few or no responses Vaccines will create antibodies effectively in all cases. 

Self-Medication is dangerous

After vaccination, if there are any chances of any extreme adverse reaction, that will happen within the first hour or so. In such a case, it is always advisable to immediately report to a doctor or vaccination center. The adverse reaction may include vomits, dizziness, intense headache, very high fever (above 102 deg F), or any other severe symptom. This is although very rare.

Medication for side effects is simple paracetamol, Ibuprofen, etc. If for any reason you feel that the simple medication is not controlling the situation, it is advisable to see a doctor. Once your doctor understands your complete medical history, it can be ascertained if you need medicine or not. Also, the right medicine is important to control side effects and at the same time keep vaccination strong. 

Medication before vaccination

One must completely avoid taking any medicine in anticipation of a response or reaction to vaccination. Please remember that we all are going to have different responses. It is important to wait and watch for the side effects if any. Then treat it rather than guessing. 

Home remedies

There are several things which we can do at home to avoid any adverse response. 

Pain in injection site – If there is pain or swelling, use a clean wet cloth. You can apply ice too. A slight amount of compression will also help the pain go away faster.

Soreness or stiffness in the injection arm – It is surprising to know but soreness goes away as you move your arm. Initially, there can be discomfort, however, moving the arm will get you over the soreness faster.

Fever and body ache – Best suitable medicine if fever is touching 100 deg F is simple paracetamol. However, if the fever is getting higher or you have more body aches, you can take advice from a doctor and take some other medications such as ibuprofen, etc. Never decide it yourself. Let your doctor decide it.

Nausea and vomit – There can be a case in which you might have vomit or are feeling nausea. There is nothing to worry about if this goes away within a day or so. Your doctor may recommend an anta-acid or some medicine for digestion. The reason can be vaccine or stress you are taking because of vaccination. Let your doctor decide about it.

Chills and low-grade fever – One must drink a lot of fluids and keep hydrated. Eat food easy to digest. Have frequent small meals. Avoid skipping meals. Take advice from the doctor if you need medicine. This condition may last up to 3 days or so.

When do you need to worry

Remember that vaccination cannot cause Covid-19. Hence if your symptoms are getting worse or have lasted more than 4 days, it is time to take advice from a doctor. There have been cases in which a person got Covid-19 just before vaccination or even on the day of vaccination. Initial symptoms are confused with the body’s response. However, the vaccination response should not extend beyond 3 to 4 days. Hence if any of the symptoms is existing even after 4 days, or things have become severe even after 4 days, it is time to consult a doctor immediately. 

Do not hesitate

Vaccination is a must. There is nothing to worry about from vaccination. Only vaccination can allow this world to come out of the pandemic and bring everyone’s life back to normal. Since there are so many researches and work that is going on, our scientists and government are monitoring every small step of the process. The vaccine has undergone several stages of trials and then has been put to use. Hence you must get yourself vaccinated using the protocol set by the government (Cowin). This pandemic has taught us that to live a life we not only need our health but the health of the complete community. Getting vaccinated is one big step towards community and nation health building. 

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