Men Vs Women- Understanding Hormones

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Our body is the best functional unit as we know in the universe. It works extremely well and is supported by various processes and chemicals. One of the most important chemicals is hormones. We have a tangled web of hormones which are link a language of organs to communicate with each other. It all happens without our actual intervention. However, as we age, there is a change in hormones. Also, men and women have different hormones that help the body function in a certain way.

What Are Hormones?

Hormones are nothing but chemical messengers which travel across the body to deliver messages. They travel through our bloodstream to various organs systems enabling them to work efficiently. A few of the important processes which hormones take care of are:

  • Growth and development at all ages
  • Metabolism
  • Behavior
  • Sexual functions and reproduction
  • Mood and mental outcome

Although men and women have similar hormones, levels are different in each case. This is the reason why men and women exhibit different emotions and reactions to the same situations.

Women Vs Men

Primary female sex hormones are estrogen and progesterone. On the other hand, men’s primary sex hormone is testosterone. Women also produce a small amount of testosterone, and men too produce small amounts of estrogen and progesterone.

Estrogen And Progesterone

Estrogen is the main female hormone mainly produced by the ovaries. It has a hand in reproduction and sexual development. Estrogen affects every life stage of women:

  • Puberty
  • Menstruation
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause

Estrogen also affects the brain, cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, urinary tract, hair, and skin.

Signs Of Hormonal Changes In Women

When women approach 50, they begin to approach menopause which affects the level of hormones. This transition has various effects:

  • Mood Swings
  • Irritability
  • Sleep issues
  • Hot flashes
  • Weight gain
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Brain functioning slowing down
  • Body ache
  • Headache episodes
  • Cravings


As mentioned above, this is the most important sex hormone for men. Testosterone is produced primarily by testes. It helps men:

  • During puberty
  • Penis and testes development
  • Facial and body hair
  • Sex drive
  • Sperm production and fertility
  • Fat and muscle distribution
  • Red cell production

Besides sex drive, testosterone also plays an important role. Low testosterone symptoms can include:

  • Decrease mood and energy levels
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Anemia
  • Decrease in facial and body hair

Causes Of Testosterone Deficiency

  • Impaired testicular function
  • Impaired pituitary or hypothalamic function
  • Obesity
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Depression
  • Chronic pain
  • Diabetes
  • Certain diseases such as chronic inflammation disease
  • Alcohol
  • Prostate cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease

Diagnosis of Hormone Deficiency


There are a few blood tests that can help to identify the levels of hormones in women. These are:

  • Thyroid hormones
  • Sex hormones
  • Adrenal function tests


There are a few blood and other tests that help to identify the proper functioning of the body organs and glands due to the hormones. These are:

  • Total testosterone level
  • Prostrate evaluation
  • Adrenal function tests

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