Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells known as tumors. If the growth happens in the bladder, it is called bladder cancer. Like other cancers, the key to survival is early detection.
Medical science although is not clear about the reasons behind abnormal growth, certain factors can be linked to bladder cancer.
- Bladder abnormalities from birth
- Repeated bladder infection
- Family history of cancer
- Low water or fluid intake
- Exposure to chemicals such as rubber, printing or textile chemicals
Bladder cancer generally gives symptoms at an early stage if taken seriously. A few of the symptoms seen in the early stages are:
- Blood in urine
- Pain and burning sensation while urinating
- Frequent urination
There is a simple bladder cancer test often used to identify the disease.
- Physical examination during routine checkup
- Vaginal and rectal examinations
- Urine examination for cancerous cells
- Urine test for Protein, RBC, WBV and sugar
- Cystoscopy where a doctor can examine bladder with a telescope.
- Transition cell cancer – this is the most common type which occurs in renal pelvis and ureter.
- Squamous cell carcinomas – it is associated with chronic irritation of bladder such as repeated infection.
- Adenocarcinomas – It begins in glandular cells and releases substances in the body affecting other organs
- Sarcoma – This starts from fat or muscle layers of the bladder and then spreads to other areas.
Bladder cancer has five stages starting from Stage 0 to Stage IV. The stage depends on the spread throughout the bladder and to other parts of the body. In later stages, the spread is into multiple organs and cover large areas.
- Stage 0 – A tumor growth looks like mushroom growing inside bladder.
- Stage 1 – Cancer grows through inner lining of the bladder.
- In Stage 2 – Cancer grows through thick muscle wall of bladder.
- Stage 3 – Cancer spreads to fatty layer of tissues through muscle wall and spreads to reproductive organs
- Stage 4 – Cancer spreads to abdomen or pelvis. As cancer progresses it enters one or more lymph nodes and later to other organs
Bladder Cancer Diet
Eating a balanced and healthy diet can reduce the chances of getting affected. There are foods available that fight bladder cancer well.
- Cranberry juice – It is rich in quercetin which reduces chances of bladder cancer.
- Green tea – Rich in epigallocatechin useful to fight the cancer
- Broccoli – is excellent to fight bladder cancer
- Avoid food high in unsaturated fats
- Eat unpolished cereals, rice etc.
- Fresh fruits and vegetables must be part of daily diet
- Avoid anima sourced foods
- Limit consumption of alcohol.
Facts about Bladder Cancer
- Males are three times more susceptible to bladder cancer than females
- It is more difficult to diagnose the disease early in women
- Too much consumption of coffee increases the risk of bladder cancer.
- Survival rate is higher in younger persons
- Smokers are on risk three times more than non-smokers
Bladder cancer can be prevented if we understand it well. An annual checkup and discussing symptoms with a doctor can not only lead to early detection but a possible cure.